JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri House approved on Monday a plan that would end the requirement for police and all other municipal employees across the state to live within the cities they serve.
The bill, HB 1604, passed on a vote of 105-41 with three voting “present.” Now the measure goes to the Senate for further consideration.
If enacted, the new rules would take effect on Aug. 28.
Advocates for the legislation said removing the mandate could help fill scores of the estimated 138 vacancies in the St. Louis police department, augmenting its ability to fight crime in a city that saw 194 homicides last year.
“They are in drastic need of support for officers on the ground,” said Rep. Ron Hicks, R-Dardenne Prairie, who sponsored the measure. It was backed by St. Louis Mayor Lyda Krewson and GOP Attorney General Eric Schmitt.
“We need to free up the city of St. Louis,” Hicks said.
If the proposal becomes law, officers would have to reside within an hour’s response time of their headquarters. The city charter shows that all full-time workers of the St. Louis police department must live within the city limits under the current law. New hires are required to move to the city within 120 days if they already don’t live there.
The initial legislation would have affected only St. Louis. However, it expanded when Rep. Nick Schroer, R-O’Fallon, amended the measure to include all other Missouri municipalities.
Schroer said residency requirements stifled the ability of cities to recruit a diverse workforce.
“If it’s good for St. Louis, it’s good for the entire state,” Schroer said.
Rep. Lane Roberts, R-Joplin, who is a former police chief, noted that it wasn’t necessary to reside in a certain city to be devoted to it.
But some of the city’s Democrats oppose the suggested change.
“There is no stat that says more police equals less crime,” Rep. Wiley Price said.
Rep. Maria Chappelle-Nadal echoed Price’s sentiments.
“I don’t think that changing residency is going to change the problems,” she added.
Voting against the bill along with Price and Chappelle-Nadal were fellow area Democrats Rep. LaKeySha Bosley and Rep. Rasheen Aldridge. Rep. Steve Roberts voted “present.”
MetroSTL.com staff contributed to this report.